What are cat pheromones and how do they work?

What are cat pheromones and how do they work?

All animals have their own way of communicating, whether that be through body language or vocalisation, and cats are no different. One of the more unique ways cats communicate is through pheromones.

What are ‘pheromones’ and how do they help reduce stress & anxiety in cats?

dog appeasing pheromonesPheromones act is invisible markers, communicating certain information and triggering specific, instinctive responses between animals of the same species. Cats have a special structure located just above the roof of their mouth called the vomeronasal organ. This organ analyses different scents and identifies pheromones.

Different cat pheromones trigger an instinctive calming response, so when your cat identifies them, they instantly feel relaxed and at ease. Certain events or situations, such as fireworks, travelling or vet visits, can be stressful for cats or make them feel anxious. Cats often display their distress through problem behaviour, such as furniture scratching or urine spraying, which is distressing for us too. A pheromone calming product is an ideal way to help reassure your cat, and help reduce general feelings of stress or anxiety.

The two pheromones used in cat calming products are:

  • Feline Facial Pheromone (FFP)
  • Cat Appeasing Pheromone (CAP)

Both the Feline Facial Pheromone and the Cat Appeasing Pheromone promote feelings of reassurance, and help reduce problem behaviour, stress and anxiety in cats. As both pheromones trigger an instinctive calming response, either can be used to support cats during all kinds of stressful situations. But, they do work slightly differently, and therefore you may find one pheromone is more suitable to the situation your cat is facing.

What is the ‘Feline Facial Pheromone’?

FFP - Feline Facial Pheromone The Feline Facial Pheromone is used by all cats to mark areas and objects as ‘safe’ or ‘familiar’.

Cat rubbing against furniture and releasing feline facial pheromoneYou may have noticed your cat rubbing their chin on objects or gently butting their heads on furniture, people or even other pets. When cats do this, they release the Feline Facial Pheromone from the glands in their cheeks, chin and forehead. This particular cat pheromone is associated with happiness and reassurance, helping cats form positive connections with people and their surroundings. So when a cat does this, they are marking the area as a ‘safe space’.

The Feline Facial Pheromone is ideal for helping cats feel more at ease during stressful situations they may experience while at home, such as fireworks, thunderstorms, changes in the environment and moving house. It can also be used to help reduce problem behaviour, such as furniture scratching and urine spraying.

We use the Feline Facial Pheromone in the Beaphar CatComfort® Calming Diffuser and the Beaphar CatComfort® Calming Spray.

The calming diffuser is effective for up to 30 days; simply plug in and let the pheromones reassure your cat. The calming spray is pocket-sized, so can be used on targeted areas around the home where problem behaviour occurs, or inside cat carriers for stress-free travel.

Beaphar CatComfort Calming Diffuser
Beaphar CatComfort®
Calming Diffuser
Beaphar CatComfort Calming Spray
Beaphar CatComfort®
Calming Spray

What is the ‘Cat Appeasing Pheromone’?

CAP - Cat Appeasing PheromoneThe Cat Appeasing Pheromone is naturally produced by the queen after giving birth and when she nurses her kittens. It helps them feel reassured and comforted, and is a crucial part of the socialisation and bonding process. Although only produced during nursing, cats of all ages are still able to recognise this pheromone, even if they were hand-reared.

Mother cats release cat appeasing pheromones while nursing her kittensCats naturally solitary animals, and can find living in multi-cat or multi-pet households stressful. Using a calming product containing the Cat Appeasing Pheromone can therefore be particularly useful to promote harmonious living, reduce conflict and aggressive behaviour, and promote bonding between pets and owners. It will also help your cat feel reassured during situations such as vet visits and cattery stays.

We use the Cat Appeasing Pheromone in the Beaphar CatComfort® Calming Spot-On. Effective for up to one week, the calming spot-on allows you to provide your cat with continuous reassurance wherever they are.

Beaphar CatComfort Calming Spot-On
Beaphar CatComfort®
Calming Spot-On

When should I use Beaphar CatComfort® Calming Products?

Cats can be particularly sensitive to changes within their environment. Something that seems trivial or exciting to us can cause stress or anxiety for our cats, which they often communicate through problem behaviour. Whether your cat is exhibiting problem behaviour or a specific stressful event is coming up, using Beaphar CatComfort® can help your cat feel at ease.

Want further advice on stress, anxiety or calming products? Try these blogs

Signs of stress & anxiety
in cats
Choosing the right
calming product for your cat
Causes of stress in
cats & dogs

  pet types : Calming Cat Pheromone calming

  Back to top